• Surviving Alone: Improving Assistance to Colombia's Flood Victims 05/19/2011
    Over the past year, persistent and unprecedented rains have resulted in massive flooding in Colombia that has affected close to 3 million people. In March 2011, Refugees International sent a team to assess the situation.
  • Sobreviviendo Solos: Mejorando la Asistencia a las Víctimas de las Inundaciones en Colombia 05/19/2011
    Durante el año pasado, lluvias persistentes y sin precedente dieron como resultado inundaciones masivas en Colombia las cuales han afectado cerca de tres millones de personas. En marzo de 2011 Refugees International (RI) envió un equipo
    para evaluar la situación.
  • Without Citizenship: Statelessness, discrimination and repression in Kuwait 05/13/2011
    A new report by the Open Society Justice Initiative and Refugees International looks at the bidoon in Kuwait—a large population of stateless persons in the small emirate—as well as other citizenship-related issues.
  • Confronting Climate Displacement: Learning from Pakistan's Floods 11/22/2010
    In July 2010, massive rain in Pakistan led to unprecedented flooding that submerged one-fifth of the country and affected more than 20 million people. While many experts believe the floods were the result of climate change, others say the science is uncertain. Regardless, most agree that natural disasters are occurring more frequently and that the international community is ill-equipped to respond. It is estimated that by 2050, as many as 200 million people will be displaced by natural disasters and climate change. The world’s poorest and most crisis-prone countries will be disproportionately affected.
  • Renewing the Pledge: Re-Engaging the Guarantors to the Sudanese Comprehensive Peace Agreement 07/14/2010
    The clock is ticking fast towards what might be the most important date in modern Sudanese history – two referenda in Sudan that are likely to result in the breakup of Africa’s largest state. With six months remaining until 9 January 2011, the scheduled date of the referenda, the run-up to, and outcome of, the vote must be managed with extreme care. The Guarantors to the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), who invested considerable effort in obtaining the CPA on 9 January 2005, have both a responsibility and an ability to help Sudan implement the CPA and prevent further conflict. It is imperative that the Guarantors urgently redouble their efforts to ensure adequate preparations for the referenda, and help secure agreements on sensitive issues such as border demarcation and oil sharing.
  • Last Line of Defense: How Peacekeepers Can Better Protect Civilians 02/24/2010

    When violent conflict breaks out, the United States and other United Nations member states often call for the deployment of UN peacekeeping forces to create stability and protect people from harm. The UN Security Council has explicitly instructed peacekeepers to protect civilians under “imminent threat of violence” in most UN peacekeeping mandates since 1999. But there is no clarity as to what “protection” means in practice. Which circumstances require action and what level of force should be used? This has resulted in a lack of proper training, guidance and resources for peacekeepers to accomplish protection activities.

  • Drawing on the Full Strength of America: Seeking Greater Civilian Capacity in U.S. Foreign Affairs 09/23/2009
    When former Secretary of State Dean Acheson wrote of “the Eclipse of the State Department” in a 1971 article for Foreign Affairs, he could not have been more prescient towards the position of the Department in 2009. Dwarfed by the Department of Defense in terms of budget, personnel and capacity, State and the Agency for International Development (USAID) have atrophied nearly to the point of irretrievability. This paper describes the causes and effects of the lack of human capital and capacity at State and USAID and offers suggestions on how to rebuild these capacities.
  • Greater Expectations: UN Peacekeeping & Civilian Protection 07/29/2009
    The brutal reality of modern day conflict and the recognition of an international responsibility to protect civilians in times of crisis has made peacekeeping more important — and more controversial — than ever.
  • Nationality Rights for All: A Progress Report and Global Survey on Statelessness 03/11/2009
    The world community is no longer silent about statelessness. In recent years, countries such as Bangladesh, Estonia, Mauritania, Nepal, and Sri Lanka have made significant strides to protect the rights of stateless persons.
  • Futures Denied: Statelessness Among Infants, Children, and Youth 10/22/2008
    Statelessness, or the lack of effective nationality, impacts the daily lives of some 11-12 million people around the world. Perhaps those who suffer most are stateless infants, children and youth. Though born and raised in their parents’ country of habitual residence, they lack formal recognition of their existence.
  • U.S. Civil Military Imbalance for Global Engagement: Lessons from the Operational Level in Africa 08/17/2008

    In his introduction to the 2002 National Security Strategy, President Bush said: “America is now threatened less by conquering states than we are by failing ones.” Failing states with weak state institutions struggle to deliver services to their population or to control corruption and are at risk of ongoing conflict.

  • Afghanistan: Invest in People 07/10/2008
    Millions of Afghans need help rebuilding their lives and country. The U.S. and other donor nations must allocate resources to tackle problems that are specific to vulnerable Afghans.  The humanitarian situation is worsening in Afghanistan.
  • Uprooted and Unstable: Meeting Urgent Humanitarian Needs in Iraq 04/15/2008
    Five years after the US -led invasion, Iraq remains a deeply violent and divided society. Faced with one of the largest displacement and humanitarian crises in the world, Iraqi civilians are in urgent need of assistance. Particularly vulnerable are the 2.7 million internally displaced Iraqis who have fled their homes for safer locations inside Iraq.
  • Ending Sexual Violence in Darfur: An Advocacy Agenda 12/03/2007

    Sexual violence defines the conflict in Darfur, but international efforts to prevent and respond to the issue have been insufficient. While this report critiques the international response, the primary obstacles to preventing rape and assisting survivors are the perpetrators and the Sudanese government officials who actively block the work of international agencies.

  • Striving for Better Days: Improving the Lives of Internally Displaced People in Colombia 11/28/2007

    Being forcibly displaced because of violence and conflict is an experience that millions of Colombians have lived through for over four decades. While all Colombian society is permeated by this traumatic reality, displacement is mainly hitting those living in rural areas with devastating impact on the lives of campesino, indigenous and Afro-Colombian communities.

  • Luchando para un Futuro Mejor: Mejorando las Condiciones de Vida de los Desplazados Internos en Colombia 11/28/2007
    El desplazamiento forzado producto de la violencia y el conflicto es una experiencia que millones de colombianos han afrontado por más de cuatro décadas. Aunque la sociedad colombiana en su totalidad se ha visto perjudicada por esta traumática realidad, son aquellos viviendo en las zonas rurales quienes se han sido mayormente afectados por el desplazamiento, el cual ha tenido un impacto devastador en las vidas de comunidades campesinas, indígenas y afrocolombianas.
  • About Being Without: Stories of Stateless in Kuwait 10/11/2007
    Refugees International visited Kuwait to look into the plight of 90,000-130,000 bidun, Arabic for “without” and short for bidun jinsiya (without citizenship). Over the years, the bidun have been called by various names. Early on they were benignly called “awlaad al-badiya,” (children of the desert). At present, they are officially — and more ominously — designated as illegal residents.
  • The Bunong of Cambodia: Maintaining Identity in a Changing World 06/29/2007
    The Bunong people of Cambodia are a people under siege. One of several hill tribe groups that inhabit the Cambodia-Laos-Vietnam border highlands, the Bunong (also referred to as the Phnong) lead a precarious existence in their traditional forest homeland in the highlands of eastern Cambodia. Survivors of the wars that ravaged Southeast Asia in the 1970s, the Bunong today face new internal and outside forces that threaten their continued existence.
  • Laws Without Justice: An Assessment of Sudanese Laws Affecting Survivors of Rape 06/27/2007
    Mass rape, often perpetrated by members of the Sudanese armed forces and affiliated militias, is endemic in the Darfur region of Sudan. Government officials deny that rape is an integral part of violence in Darfur and assert that Sudan aggressively punishes rape. In fact, rape victims suffer from an almost complete lack of access to justice, and the Government is more likely to take action against those who report and document rape than those who commit it.
  • Iraq: The World's Fastest Growing Displacement Crisis 03/22/2007
    Four years after the U.S. launched its attack against Iraq, the civil war there has produced a humanitarian crisis marked by the world’s fastest growing refugee and internally displaced populations. But Iraq, Washington and the U.N. do not acknowledge the magnitude of the humanitarian crisis. This has led to an inadequate response, both within Iraq and in the region.